In the last 5 years, mental health issues have been widely discussed on various media platforms. This fact is inseparable from the rapid development of technology, especially social media. the increasing number of credible content creators in the mental health field, such as doctors, therapists, and others who create content specifically for mental health awareness, is a big contributor in this regard. Therefore, more and more people can easily access information about mental health from credible sources.
This is much different from 10 years ago, especially in our country, Indonesia, where psychiatric disorders are still associated with supernatural interference. even in some criminal cases where the perpetrator can be identified as a person with acute schizophrenia, it is still associated with supernatural interference, because the perpetrator hears whispers in his head to commit a crime. The challenge of this problem is, can science answer otherwise regarding mental health disorders, and what solutions can be offered? Let’s dive a little deeper to answer that questions.
Judging from the cause, mental illness is not only caused by a single factor, Instead, but they also have a variety of causes, called risk factors. The more risk factors you have, the more likely you are to develop a mental illness. Sometimes, mental illness develops gradually. Other times, it doesn’t appear until a stressful event triggers it.
There are many risk factors and triggers, but here are a few examples:
As we already know that one of the risk factors is brain chemistry, that is where science stands, in regards to biochemistry. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, many researchers or scientists who study the brain believe that the development of most mental disorders is caused, at least in part, by an imbalance of chemicals within the brain, or neurochemicals. If an imbalance occurs, the brain cannot communicate with the body effectively, thereby inhibiting a healthy or safe response to various stimuli. Take a look below at several neurochemicals that can be unsafe if processed in incorrect amounts and may be associated with a variety of mental disorders.
For the treatment of scientists and doctors can perform the pharmacogenomic test. Pharmacogenomics is the study of how a person’s genes impact their reaction to drugs. It is a relatively new field that holds promise for choosing the most effective medications and dosages with the least likelihood of side effects based on a person’s genetic makeup. Doctors can use these tests to inform decisions about the best treatment options for mental health conditions like depression. This method also can be used to determine what kind of anesthesia is safest to use and to select the best treatment options for cancer, heart disease, neurological problems, and infectious diseases. By analyzing the genetic variations in your DNA, the test can provide information about genes that may impact how you break down or react to certain medications.
i3L School of Life Sciences
Biomedicine study program offered in i3L focuses on research and innovation that bridge the research on human health with drug development.